A Brief History of the Industrial Sewing Machine

Sewing has been around for many years. Bone needles were discovered from as long ago as the Ice age. It wasn’t until the last 200 years and the advent of the Industrial Revolution that sewing using a machine came about.Industrial sewing machines were a turning point in the history of the industrial age. Industrial sewing machines changed the way clothing was made and also more importantly the speed in which garments could be produced.The industrial sewing machine changed the way a whole industry operated. It increased the speed of production which couldn’t be matched by hand. Industrial sewing machines as early as the 1900s had zig-zag stitching and used a swing needle. These features would not appear in the home sewing machines until much later.The industrial sewing machines origins stem from England, France and also the United States of America. Many countries can claim to have a hand in the development of one of the most vital pieces of equipment that is used world wide. The truth is that lots of countries do all play a role in the advancements of the industrial sewing machine. The first patent for an industrial sewing machine was in 1790 by a man called Thomas Saint. This sewing machine would allow leather and canvas to be stitched. Like many early industrial sewing machines that followed this machine copied the action of the human arm when sewing. It wasn’t until 1807 when a new innovation by two Englishman, William and Edward Chapman saw an industrial sewing machine with the eye of the needle at the bottom of the needle and not at the top.Industrial sewing machines were becoming so good at their job that they started to require less people in the industrial factories where these sewing machines were being used. A patent by the Frenchman, Barthele√©my Thimmonier’s, increased production of the French Armies uniform. As a result over 160 tailors were not required so they rioted, destroying all the machines and almost killing Thimmonier in the process. The patent he produced allowed for a industrial sewing machine to cross stitch using a curved needle.In 1834, Walter Hunt an American, created an industrial sewing machine that produced a locked stitch from underneath the machine with a second thread. Hunt is also credited with inventing the safety pin. This industrial sewing machine design was however never patented. It was down to a fellow American Elias Howe who got credit for the invention of the sewing machine. In 1846 he designed and patented a machine which he made, while a friend helped him financially, so he could concentrate all his efforts on the industrial sewing machine. Howe tried to market his machine in England but on his arrival back to the United States in 1849 he realised that his machine had been copied by others. He sought financial backing and took the companies who copied his ideas to court. It wasn’t until 1854 that he won his cases, which turned out to be a landmark case in the history of patent law.Howe’s main competitor to his machines was a man names Isaac M Singer. Singer’s industrial sewing machine design received a patent in 1851. The main difference between this machine and the other industrial sewing machines was that it had a arm which overhung a flat table and dropped the needle down. This allowed stitching from any direction.With so many patents being made towards industrial sewing machines during the 1850′s Howe and Singer decided to create a “Patent Pool” along with two other manufacturers. Due to the 1860s when the civil war had broken out production of huge orders of civil war uniforms were required. This drove demand for industrial sewing machines and lead to Howe and Singer becoming the first millionaire inventors.The Design and Production of the Industrial Sewing MachineIndustrial sewing machines require a large sturdy frame usually made from iron or strong steel. A variety of different metals could be used to produce the actual sewing machine fittings. The main criteria being that the parts are durable enough to last long enough as industrial sewing machines are used for long hours and as a result the parts need to be strong enough to take this demand.Industrial sewing machines are often designed with a single function in mind unlike home sewing machines. The industrial variety of the sewing machines are much heavier than the home version of the sewing machine due to the parts used in them which was discussed earlier.A companies requirements are often very different. The machine they may require could be specific to what they produce. It is often important to get a specialist to see which type of industrial sewing machine would fulfill their requirements.

Chinese Industries Continue To Grow – With or Without You

Chinese markets have shown a bright performance lately. Across the Dragon-land, major manufacturers have posted good annual results, bucking a slow global trend in 2012. Investments in the China Industrial Sector have seen a visible increment and the recent boost comes in the wake of state’s announcements of twelfth five year plan. The scheme which targets at construction of more than 30 million new housing units by 2015, will add significantly to the internal industrial demands and furthermore the government is also keen on increasing its GDP dependence on the Industrial sector and the domestic consumption capacity of the nation. These developments have stirred the interest among foreign investors and those keen on exposure to this asset class are choosing products like Global X CHII ETF over direct equity investments, indicating a still persisting risk aversive sentiment for the Chinese capital markets but unknowingly triggering investments in the country specific equity traded funds or ETFs which is now a very evident investment habit among Americans.The trend in emerging nations indicates an upward spending move to enhance one’s overall wellbeing. The demand for food products has tremendously increased as these developing countries have become wealthier. With the rise in middle class segment, the demand for construction equipment for building infrastructure is simultaneously and rapidly on the rise. In developed nations too there is an extensive requirement for construction material as the old infrastructure is replaced with new construction. The economies with a sound and strong industry base will definitely see higher levels of growth and face lesser worries in times of economic crisis.One such nation is the Chinese Republic where Industrials account for 46.9% of the total GDP. The superlative growth that the Asian Dragon has displayed in the last decade has made it the second biggest economy just behind the mighty USA and well past the Great Britain. It is today, the largest exporter-country in the world, easily surpassing Germany. China’s huge production of industrial goods, automobiles and electronics ramifies into its economic success and diversification of industrial sector which will continue to grow further due to the rising domestic consumption.For the year 2013 it has been predicted that Chinese Industrials will follow a pro-growth policy and will grow at an 8%+ rate.According to IHS Global insight, China will be the number one manufacturer in the world overtaking United States in 2015, even the Chinese Purchase Managers Index {PMI} is valued at +50 integer denomination indicating a clear year on year increase in the manufacturing output of the country.If investors lack necessary research – knowledge and time to track the industrial stocks then they must ponder upon options such as sector specific ETF, which will offer a more targeted and a broader engagement with in the respected sector. The Global X China Industrial tracking the performance of Solactive China Industrials Index reflects a fair valuation on to the strong industrial division of China. The bench mark which mostly includes large cap companies involved in engineering, construction, industrial paraphernalia and transportation sector enables a stable anchorage that should be a relief for investors in general.The Solactive benchmark uses a very systematic sector wise approach when it comes to acquiring assets:Industrial Equipments is the heaviest sector with 33.7% of the total held assets comprising of Large Cap stocks in this primary business.Building Materials come at second with a close to 26.41% dedication, which is an apt choice for a country where state along with the private sector is aggressive with new constructions of roads, bridges, housing and commercial projects. In fact the Chinese government is now famous for building bridges and roads to places where they might not even be used.Transportation along with Engineering and Construction sector accounts for about 39.8% of equities that make up this Index.